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F-010 土业园地 (第010期) 2009.8.24
Field for Artificial Soil TechnologyAST(№010)
作者:李鹏飞 AuthorLi Pengfei August 24, 2009
My Web:www.tuyelt.com Telephone Number:13043864167

我国的四大问题
Four big problems in our country

    本期的中心议题是:中科院为中国描绘科技发展路线图,对我国当前及今后相当长时间内所面临的四大问题,没有做正面回应,这四大问题不解决,势必将长期困扰我国的社会安定和制约我国的经济发展,在这个意义说,这个路线图脱离了中国的国情与实际。
这四大问题是:
1、目前,我国的粮食自给率大约是95﹪,粮食生产能力大约是5亿吨,在13亿人口中,有6500万人的吃饭问题依靠进口。如果发生战争或世界性饥荒,在国际市场买不到粮食,或者能买到而运不回来,或者能运到港口而运不到内地,或者能运到内地而分配不均,势必要引起社会动荡。在此,我的问题是,中科院、中国工程院、中国社科院、中国农科院、各省与自治区农科院、中国农业大学及其它60余所农业院校的院士和学部委员、首席科学家和学科带头人、名教授和著名的专家学者,你们有什么办法,使我国的粮食自给率达到100﹪以上,把我国的粮食生产能力提高到10亿吨、15亿吨、甚至20亿吨以上?
2、我国的环境问题十分严峻,而且还在恶化,影响我国环境有9大因素,其中之一是每年水土流失量高达50-60亿吨,这又该如何解决。
3、我国的水资源短缺问题。
4、数以亿计的劳动力就业问题。

 

我国的四大问题
Four big problems in our country

The key subject of this issue is that the road map describing the development of science and technology in China written by CAS is not facing the four big problems in our country .At this point it loses contact with Chinese situation and reality.
The four big problems are:
1、Recently degree of self-sufficiency in grain of our nation is about 95﹪. Our grain yield is about 500 million tons a year. The demand of grain of 65 million people among 1.3 billion of the population in China needs to be imported. If a war or world famine will occur, we cannot purchase grain from international market or we can buy it but cannot transport it back or we can send it to the seaport but cannot send it inland or we can send it inland but cannot distribute reasonably, and then violence will occur in our society .Here my question is :What method do they have to make Chinese degree of self-sufficiency in grain above 100﹪ and our grain yield will reach 1 billion tons or 1.5 billion tons or 2 billion tons. By “they”, I mean the academicians and member of academia sinica, chief scientists and discipline leaders, famous professors, experts and scholars who belongs to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Agriculture, the Chinese Academy of Agriculture of the Provinces and Autonomous Regions in China, China Agriculture University and other more than 60 agricultural universities or institutes or colleges.
2、The problem of environmental protection is very serious and it is still deteriorating in China. The one of nine factors influencing Chinese environmental protection is soil erosion, which is 5-6 billion tons a year .How do we solve it?
3、The problem of shortage of water resources in our country.
4、Provide job opportunities for hundreds of millions of people.

 
 
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