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F-146 土业园地 (第146期) 2012.4.2
Field for Artificial Soil TechnologyAST(№146)
作者:李鹏飞 AuthorLi Pengfei April 2, 2012
My Web:www.tuyelt.com Telephone Number:13043864167

中国的农业概况
Survey of Chinese agriculture

    

    中国是世界四大文明古国之一,有大约1万年的农耕史,是水稻、大豆和稷的故乡,我国的祖先曾经创造了光辉灿烂的农业文明。但是1万年过后,如今我国又是一个人多地少的国家,衡量中国农业现状如何,最重要是看它的两项指标,一是粮食自给率,二是粮食生产能力,其他的任何描述都不是本质的。1950年,中国人口4.75亿,有耕地16.5亿亩,人均耕地2.99亩。2005年,耕地15.64亿亩,人均耕地1.41亩。2010年,中国人口13.4亿,有耕地18.25亿亩,人均耕地不足1.37亩。此外中国尚有约1亿亩可供开垦的荒地,这就是中国全部的土地资源。中国提出确保18亿亩耕地红线和95%以上的粮食自给率。

 

中国的农业概况
Survey of Chinese agriculture

China is one of four ancient civilization countries, which appears agriculture before about 10000 years and it is country of rice, soybean and millet. But after 10000 years today China becomes a country with big population and short plough land. Surveying Chinese agricultural situation two index to be used, one is degree of self-sufficiency in grain, another is capacity of production grain, except these any describable is not exact. In 1950 China possessed 475 millions of population, 1.65 billions of plough land, 2.99 mu/a person. In 2005? 1.564 billions of plough land, 1.41 mu/a person. In 2010 Chinese population reached 1.34 billions, 1.825 billions of plough land, below 1.37 mu per a person. In addition 100 million of wild land can be assarted, those are our all of land resources. China put forward to insure 1.8 billions of plough land and over 95% of degree of self-sufficiency in grain. (to be proofread)

 
 
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