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F-150 土业园地 (第150期) 2012.4.30
Field for Artificial Soil TechnologyAST(№150)
作者:李鹏飞 AuthorLi Pengfei April 30, 2012
My Web:www.tuyelt.com Telephone Number:13043864167

中国的粮食消费
Consumption of grain in China

    

    2010年,我国粮、油、肉的消费分别是5.5亿吨、2400万吨、8000万吨。而且,我国的粮、油、肉每年分别以250万吨、100万吨、200万吨的速度持续增长。由于我国于1985年取消食油定量,1993年取消粮食定量,人们可以放开肚皮吃饱饭了,这是中国人民世世代代梦寐以求的愿望。2007年,我国人均占有粮食380千克,人均消费量388千克,2011年我国人均占有粮食425千克。中国的主要问题是,粮食产量增加的速度低于粮食消费增加的速度,即人口增加和人均粮食消费增加的速度。如果中国的人均粮食消费水平达到欧洲人的水平,中国一年要消费10亿吨粮食,如果达到美国人的水平,中国一年要消费15亿吨粮食。事实上,中国人在消费粮食上正在向欧洲看齐,也正在追赶美国。按照中国的长远规划,中国人口的峰值是15亿,耕地红线是18亿亩,粮食综合生产能力是5.5亿吨,这就是愿望与现实之间的差距。

 

中国的粮食消费
Consumption of grain in China

In 2010 Chinese consumptions of grain, edible oil and meat are separately 550 millions tons, 24 millions tons and 80 millions tons. Also Chinese increasing consumptions of grain, edible oil and meat are separately 2.5 millions tons, 1 million tons and 2 millions tons. Today Chinese people can freely eat food because of cancelling edible oil fix quantity ration in 1985 and cancelling grain fix quantity ration in 1993 which is in the hope of to the hide of dream from generation to generation. In 2007 China per capita possessed 380㎏ of grain and consumptive per capita grain was 388㎏, in 2011 China per capita possessed 425㎏ of grain. Chinese problem is mainly that the speed of grain increasing production is lower than the speed of the consumption of grain same as the speed of increasing population and per capita consumption of grain. If China consumes grain like Europe, Chinese people eat 1 billion tons of grain each year. If China reaches American consumptive level of grain, Chinese people eat 1.5 billion tons of grain each year. In fact Chinese consumption of grain has just followed after Europe and US. According to Chinese long term planning the peak of Chinese population is 1.5 billions, the warning line of plough land is 1.8 billions mu (about 120 millions h) and Chinese synthetical grain production capacity will be 550 millions tons in 2020. This is the difference between wish and reality.(to be proofread)

 
 
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