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F-019 土业园地 (第019期) 2009.10.26
Field for Artificial Soil TechnologyAST(№019)
作者:李鹏飞 AuthorLi Pengfei October 26, 2009
My Web:www.tuyelt.com Telephone Number:13043864167

人造土壤技术战略意义之一
First strategic significance of AST

    人造土壤技术战略意义之一:人造土壤技术是解决“人口—资源—环境—发展”诸多矛盾的一把金钥匙。
    经过半个多世纪的艰苦奋斗,我国取得了举世公认的成就,经济的强劲增长,综合国力的提高,人民生活的改善,国内安定局面的形成,都是中国在崛起,中华民族在复兴的具体象征。然而,作为战略性的研究,我们必须居安思危,要深层次的解剖我们的基本国情,要找出中国的问题之所在,并且要拿出“牵一发而动全身”的解决办法来,对于重大的国内外问题,一定要有相应的战略对策,特别要注意倾听民间土“战略家”的一些意见。
    中国最丰富的资源是人口,中国最短缺的资源是土地,中国最严重的问题是环境,中国最受制约的因素是发展。人力资源雄厚本来是件好事,但是人口过多反而又变成了负担。我国现有人口13亿,目前农村剩余劳动力多达2.5亿,现在涌入城市的农民已突破1亿,每年脱离农业的人数多达1300万。如果到2020年我国城市化水平达到60%,按16亿人口计算,城市人口将达到9.6亿,这是不可抗拒的历史潮流,这些人要吃、要住、要工作,国家手中的16亿亩耕地要养活这16亿人口,这对土地、对农业的压力和冲击是巨大的。我国的环境状况更是令人担忧,到1995年,全国工业固体废弃物累计堆存量已达66.4亿吨,现在全国有2/3的城市陷入垃圾重围之中,污染正迅猛地由城市向农村蔓延,约95%未经无害化处理的垃圾运到农村或倒入江河,“三度”污染农田已超过1亿亩,这对本已土地资源匮乏的我国更是雪上加霜。我国88%以上的河流已不同程度受污染,我们每年水土流失的总量达50-60亿吨,荒漠化土地达到262.2万平方千米,荒漠化土地平均每年以2460平方千米的速度继续扩展。所有这些都不是作者在夸张扭曲,而是真真切切的现实,这些方方面面的问题都在制约着我国经济的发展,我们必须从发展战略的高度,冲破传统观念的束缚,跨部门、跨学科、跨行业,提携全局去探索一种全方位的解决办法。我曾查阅不少科技文献,力图找到这种办法,总是不理想。想来想去,我还是认为,人造土壤技术虽然不能称作灵丹妙药包医百病,但是我可以毫不夸张地说,它是解决上述诸多矛盾的一把金钥匙,这是因为:
    第一,应用人造土壤技术,可以实现工业化大规模高速度制造土壤,这些人造土壤主要用于人造耕地,从而改变了“土地资源是有限的”不可再生的传统观念,这就从根本上解决了我国土地资源不足的问题,使农业经济的可持续发展有了后劲和底气。
第二,人造土壤的原料不是别的,正是工业、农业、采矿、冶炼、建筑等各行各业产生的固体废弃物,还包括城市生活垃圾、秸秆、人畜粪便、河湖淤泥等(有害物质除外)。把这些污染环境的东西用来制造土壤,把这些废弃物变成了宝贵的资源,这就是从根本上、从源头上解决了环境保护问题。
    第三,该技术简单易行,老百姓能够接受,我国有大约9亿农民,有雄厚的群众基础,便于推广,同时也提供大量的劳动就业岗位,为社会有序化发展,社会效益的提高,保持社会安定都是有利的。
    第四,人造土壤的质量标准,可以根据不同的经营目的进行设计,这20亿亩土地是优质的资产。人造耕地的标准要高于目前我国绿色食品生产基地的标准,并且按照国家环保总局有机食品发展中心(OFDC)定义的有机农业的规定从事生产经营活动,以提高我国农产品出口的竞争力,预计可获得很好的经济效益。农业的稳定发展必定能促进我国其它经济部门的协调发展,从而使我国首先做到把发展经济、人类活动、环境保护、恢复自然界生态平衡、保护生物多样性等许多看似矛盾的自然问题及社会问题有机地结合起来、统一起来,形成真正意义上的良性循环,从而实现“天人合一”,达到“道法自然”的境界。

 

人造土壤技术战略意义之一
First strategic significance of AST

First strategic significance of AST:Artificial soil technology is a gold key to solve the multiple contradictions of population and resource and? environment as well as development.
After hard work for more than half a century, our country has achieved world-acknowledged achievements. The powerful increase of the economy, the improvement of the overall national strength, the improvement of people’s living standards and the forming of the national stability are all specific symbols of the rising of China and the rejuvenating of the Chinese nation. However, as strategic research, we must be prepared for danger in times of peace and analyze the basic national conditions deeply to find out the problems China is facing now and work out a solution that has the effects of “Pull one hair and the whole body is affected”. As for national and international problems of great importance, related strategic countermeasures must be prepared; especially the opinions of non-governmental “strategists” must be heeded to.
The most abundant resources in China are people, the most insufficient resources are land, the most serious problem is environment and the most severely prohibited factor is development. Sufficient human resources are advantageous originally, but overpopulation, on the contrary, becomes a burden. There are 1.3 billion people in China now. The surplus labor force in the countryside runs up to 0.25 billion people and the number of farmers migrating to cities has surpassed 0.1 billion and the number of farmers breaking away from agriculture has reached 13 million each year. If the urbanization level reaches 60% in the year 2020 in China and the population is 1.6 billion, the urban population will reach 0.96 billion, which is the historical trend that can not be resisted. The 1.6 billion people will eat, dwell and work and the 1.6 billion mu cultivated land will have to feed such a population, which imposes great pressure and impact on the land and agriculture. The environmental situation of China is even more worrying. By 1995, the accumulated volume of solid industrial waste had reached 6.64 billion tons in China. At present, 2/3 cities have been surrounded by rubbish and pollution is spreading quickly from cities to the countryside. 95% untreated rubbish is being transported to the countryside or dumped to rivers. “3 degree” polluted farmland has exceeded 0.1 billion mu, which brings about one disaster after another to China that is already short of land resources. 88% of China’s rivers have been polluted to different degrees. The total volume of soil erosion each year has reached 5-6 billion tons. Desertification area of land has reached 2.622 million km2 and desertification of land is spreading at the average rate of 2460 km2 each year. All these figures are not exaggerated or distorted figures, but real facts. They are the problems that restrict the development of our economy. We must smash the bond of traditional concepts and find out an all-round solution that is trans-sector, trans-discipline, trans-trade and can play a leading role in dealing with all the problems from the high plane of strategic development. I have consulted many scientific and technical documents and tried to find out the solution, but without satisfactory results. Thinking back and forth, I still think that although artificial soil technology cannot be called “panacea” that can solve all problems, it is no exaggeration to say that it is a gold key to solving all the above problems. The reasons are as follows:
1) With the technology of artificial soil, soil can be manufactured commercially on a large scale and at high speed. The soil will be mostly used for making artificial land, thus changing the traditional concept that “land resources are limited”, which will radically solve the problem of inadequate land resources of China and enable the sustainable development of agriculture to have reserve strength.
2) The materials used for making artificial soil are nothing but the solid waste produced by industries, agriculture, mining, melting and construction, etc. as well as household rubbish, straw, human and animal wastes and silt in lakes and rivers, etc. (except harmful substances). These so-called pollutants are just used to make soil, thus changing wastes into valuable resources and solving the problem of environmental protection thoroughly and from the starting point.
3) The technology is simple to operate, so the ordinary people can accept it. There are about 0.9 billion farmers in China, so the technology will have strong mass bases and it will be easy to extend it. At the same time, lots of employment opportunities will be provided, which is beneficial to the systematic development of the society, the improvement of social benefits and the maintaining of social stability.
4) The quality standards of artificial soil can be designed differently according to the different management purposes, so the 2 billion mu land is a high quality resource. The quality of artificial cultivated land should be higher than that of the production bases of green foods in China. The production and management activities should be conducted according to the regulations on organic agriculture specified by Organic Foods Development Center (OFDC) of the National Environment Protection Bureau so as to improve the export competitiveness of our country’s agricultural products with expected good economic benefits. The stable development of agriculture will definitely promote the coordinated development of the other economic sectors of our country, thus enabling the harmonious combination of apparently contradicting natural issues and social issues, such as the development of economy, human activities, environmental protection, the restoration of natural ecological balance and the protection of diversity of organisms, etc to form a favorable cycle in a real sense and realize “nature and human in one” and reach the state of “following the natural rules”

 
 
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人造土壤技术专利 发明人:李鹏飞  联系电话:13043864167
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