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F-032 土业园地 (第032期) 2010.1.25
Field for Artificial Soil TechnologyAST(№032)
作者:李鹏飞 AuthorLi Pengfei January 25, 2010
My Web:www.tuyelt.com Telephone Number:13043864167
采  样
Sampling

    2001年下半年,我在辽宁省境内采集21个样品,其中1号样品是海城牛庄的天然土壤,作为整个试验的参照系。21号样品是在盘锦农村捡来的干牛粪,以代表各种有机物。
    2-20号样品分别是黑色泥岩(辽河盆地、新生代)、黑色泥岩(本溪彩屯矿、古生代)、深灰色煤矸石(本溪彩屯矿、古生代)、褐色页岩(本溪彩屯矿、古生代)、褐灰色油页岩(抚顺西露天矿、新生代)、灰色粉砂质泥岩(阜新海州露天矿、中生代)、黑灰色煤矸石(阜新海州露天矿、中生代)、灰黄色膨润土(朝阳建平、时代待查)、灰色硅质板岩(鞍山千山、前古生代)、灰色千枚岩(鞍山千山、前古生代)、花岗片麻岩(鞍山千山、前古生代)、花岗岩(医巫闾山、时代待查)、闪长岩(医巫闾山、时代待查)、黑色玄武岩(抚顺西露天矿、新生代)、暗紫色安山岩(庄河桂云花山、中生代)、砖瓦陶瓷碎片(盘锦建筑工地)、粉煤灰(盘锦鹤集路锅炉房)、水泥(盘锦建筑工地)、矿渣(鞍山产、取自辽河油田渤海库),这19个样品用来代表工业、采矿、冶炼、建筑等行业产生的固体废弃物(有害物质除外)。
2-20号样品均属于无机物,追索其源头,都是来自于地壳的岩石圈,这表明人造土壤与自然界的天然土壤是同源的。

 

采  样
Sampling

In the second half of 2001, I collected 21 samples in Liaoning Province, among which No.1 sample is a natural soil from Niuzhuang, Haicheng City, used as reference system to other samples. No. 21 sample is dry cow dung collected in a village of Panjin to represent all kinds of organic matter.
The samples from No. 2 to No. 20 are respectively black mudstone (Liaohe Basin, Cenozoic), black mudstone ( Caitun mining area of Benxi Basin,Paleozoic), dark grey gangue (Caitun mining area of Benxi Basin, Paleozoic), brown shale(Caitun mining area of Benxi Basin, Paleozoic), brown grey shale(The West Opencut Coal Mine of Fushun Basin, Cenozoic), grey silty mudstone(Haizhou Opencut Coal Mine of Fuxin Basin, Mesozoic), black grey gangue(Haizhou Opencut Coal Mine of Fuxin Basin, Mesozoic), grey yellow clay(Jianping County, Chaoyang City, its era to be determined), grey silicon slate( Qianshan Mountain of Anshan City, pre-Paleozoic), grey phyllite(Qianshan Mountain of Anshan City, pre-Paleozoic), granite-gneiss(Qianshan Mountain of Anshan City, pre-Paleozoic), granite(Mount Yiwulu, its era to be determined), diorite(Mount Yiwulu, its era to be determined), black basalt(The West Opencut Coal Mine of Fushun Basin, Cenozoic), dark purple andesite( Mount Guiyunhua of Zhuanghe City, Mesozoic), fragment of brick-tile-pottery-porcelain( from the building site of Panjin City), coal cinder( from the boiler room of Heji Road of Panjin City), cement( from the building site of Panjin City) and slag (from Bohai Stockroom of Liaohe Oilfield produced in Anshan City). The 19 samples were used to represent solid wastes produced from industries, mining, smelting and building (except harmful matter).
Samples No. 2 to No. 20 are all inorganic matter and they originated from the lithosphere of the earth's crust, which shows that the artificial soil and natural soils are from the same origin.
 
 
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