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F-060 土业园地 (第060期) 2010.8.9
Field for Artificial Soil TechnologyAST(№060)
作者:李鹏飞 AuthorLi Pengfei August 9, 2010
My Web:www.tuyelt.com? Telephone Number:13043864167

其它人造土壤技术中间试验方案
Other intermediate test programs for artificial soil technology

    第16方案﹙RZT-16试验﹚,为一个应付突发事件的试验方案。该方案是以天山南麓为背景,模拟在极其恶劣的自然条件下,从事农业生产活动的典型方案。人造耕地地点选在向阳45度的山坡上,该试验区基本没有植被覆盖,几乎没有天然土壤,到处是裸露的岩石,气候干旱,每年的降水量不足200毫米,但气温较高,昼夜温差大,日光充足。按照人造耕地设计方案,应用工程农业技术开山破石,先修建100厘米深的梯田槽基,在槽基下面开凿蓄水室,该蓄水室又与试验区内的集水区相连通,然后在梯田槽基内填充100厘米厚的人造土壤,这就是人造耕地。为了防止农田水分蒸发和土地盐渍化,在人造耕地上建有塑料大棚或者玻璃屋。每当雨季天下雨(雪)时,山上产生径流,集水区的水可以流到人造耕地下面的蓄水室内。该方案设计每亩人造耕地下面可以蓄水695立方米﹙见表一﹚,就是说一次蓄满水相当于1041毫米的年降水量,用来灌溉农田2年也用不完。所以我们说,即使在原子战争的情况下,也能为人畜提供清洁的用水和部分能源,也能确保前线的饮用水和食品的供应,这对中华民族的复兴,战胜一切外来侵略具有实际意义。
此外,在地下巷道做试验,在外层空间站做试验,以及在月球表面做试验都有若干用意,在这里我没有一丝故弄玄虚之心,更没有一毫哗众取宠之意。退一步说,即使人造耕地受到核污染不能再用了,那也没有什么关系,我们再造一块新的就是了。人们从这些中间试验方案中可以领略出人造土壤技术应付突发事件的能力。
    又如,人造耕地的高程大于70千米,这就解决了海平面上升影响农业生产的问题。

 

其它人造土壤技术中间试验方案
Other intermediate test programs for artificial soil technology

We will talk about dealing with emergencies by taking No. 16 intermediate test program of artificial soil technology for example. The program is a typical one set at the southern foothill of Mount Tianshan as its background, simulating agricultural activities under extreme adverse natural conditions. The artificial land is chosen to be on the slope with 45° angle exposed to the sun. The test area is covered with exposed rocks, with almost no plants, no natural soil. The climate here is dry with annual precipitation of less than 200 mm. The temperature is high with enough sunlight and big temperature difference between day and night. According to the artificial land design program, engineering agricultural technique will be used to cut into the mountain and break the rocks and 100 cm deep trough base of terraced fields will be built first. Then dig a water storage chest below the trough base. The water storage chest is connected with the gathering ground in the test area. Fill 100 cm thick artificial soil into the trough base of the terraced fields, thus the artificial cultivated land comes into being. To prevent the evaporization of water of the fields, plastic sheds or glass sheds are built on the artificial land. When it rains or snows, ground runoff will be formed on the mountain and the water in the gathering ground will flow to the water storage chest below the artificial land. It is designed in the program that 695 m3 water can be stored under every mu of artificial land, that is to say, one full fill of water of the water storage chest equals 1041mm annual precipitation, which can be used up for irrigating in two years. Therefore even in case of atomic war, clean water will be provided for men and animals and the supply of water and foods can be guaranteed for the soldiers at the front, which is of practical meaning to rejuvenating the Chinese Nation and defeating all outside invaders.
In addition, I am not purposely turning simple things into mysteries or trying to please the public by claptrap. It will be of some meaning to have tests inside underground tunnels, at outer space stations or on the surface of the moon. In another word, even if the artificial cultivated land can no longer be used because of nuclear pollution, we can make another piece of land. From this intermediate test program, people can get some idea of how artificial soil technology can be used to deal with emergencies.
For example, artificial land will be made in locations with more than 70 m of altitude in case of the elevation of the sea level.

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人造土壤技术专利 发明人:李鹏飞  联系电话:13043864167
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